In the fifteenth century the nosegay (an appeal to the nose), flowers or herbs tied together with a sweet_smelling fragrance was worn around the neck for a satisfactory smell, and to mask foul odors. Proper women of the Victorian Era society carried these bouquets at most social gatherings and Judges would often carry them into their court room and wear around their neck to ward off the unpleasant smell of the streets.
I have noticed that western style gardens _ such as those seen in big castles, for example _ characterize themselves by man_made forms that generally follow symmetric patterns. In contrast, Japanese gardens, while also man_made, always try to recreate lifelike landscapes, by using not only botanical elements but also water, gravel, rocks and other natural components. In a similar manner, when compared to western floral arrangements, Ikebana compositions also have a stronger emphasis in reproducing natural settings.