The language of flowers, sometimes called floriography was a way of communicating in Europe in the 1800's and during the Victorian era. In the Victorian time the most popular flower was the rose, the meaning of love and it was almost always required for a flower arrangements. Following are other appropriate flower meanings, and it is said that knowing the meaning of floral language was as important as appearing well dressed in a public place: • Lavender _ luck, forgiveness • Marjoram _ blushes • Rosemary _ remembrance • Lilac _ love's first emotion • Orange Blossom _ chastity • Carnation _ pure love • Rose (white) _ innocent love • Rose ( red) _ passion • Rose ( pink) _ romantic love • Star_of_Bethlehem _ reconciliation • Witch Hazel _ a spell • Sweet Pea _ delicate pleasures • Ivy _ wedded love • Holly _ domestic happiness.
In the fifteenth century the nosegay (an appeal to the nose), flowers or herbs tied together with a sweet_smelling fragrance was worn around the neck for a satisfactory smell, and to mask foul odors. Proper women of the Victorian Era society carried these bouquets at most social gatherings and Judges would often carry them into their court room and wear around their neck to ward off the unpleasant smell of the streets.