You could create an arrangement for any size vase, the larger the vase, the more flowers and greens to use. For Christmas time, use red, white and maybe even green flowers (like green button mums). Also choose from a variety of greens and evergreens out there. Accent a red rose in a bud vase with some baby's breath and cedar. Deep red alstroemeria are especially beautiful. There are many other flowers that would be perfect to use for Christmas arrangements, the link below will take you to a complete list of flowers, foliage, and evergreens for Christmas floral design.
In the mid┯th century Victorian England the tussie_mussie (small bouquet of flowers) were exchanged between Victorian sweethearts expressing secret love messages; a gift of a traditional Valentine flower unique and personal and very fashionable. Victorians considered a young lady to be cultured if she understood the study of flowers.