In the fifteenth century the nosegay (an appeal to the nose), flowers or herbs tied together with a sweet_smelling fragrance was worn around the neck for a satisfactory smell, and to mask foul odors. Proper women of the Victorian Era society carried these bouquets at most social gatherings and Judges would often carry them into their court room and wear around their neck to ward off the unpleasant smell of the streets.
It is fascinating to know how different types of flowers and foliage are combined to make beautiful, distinctive bouquets. Flowers have individual shapes, textures, and colors. Line flowers are the tall flora that gives designs height, width, and a balanced look. Tall flowers give a design its basic shape. Liatris, snapdragons, delphiniums, larkspur, stock, gladiolus, tuberose, veronica, curly willow, bells_of_Ireland, stock and Canterbury bells are all excellent examples. The line flowers are inserted both vertically and horizontally in the design after greenery. Focal and filler flowers are then added to add to the shape, texture and sentiment of the design.