In the fifteenth century the nosegay (an appeal to the nose), flowers or herbs tied together with a sweet_smelling fragrance was worn around the neck for a satisfactory smell, and to mask foul odors. Proper women of the Victorian Era society carried these bouquets at most social gatherings and Judges would often carry them into their court room and wear around their neck to ward off the unpleasant smell of the streets.
Faithful to the Ikebana principles of minimalism, I compose my floral designs with few flowers. The reasoning behind minimalism is based on the fact that leaves and stems are better suited to express the three points (man, heaven and earth) that govern an Ikebana composition. Depending on the place where the arrangement will be used and the season, I may use a single gorgeous flower, which can be very effective in creating a pleasant aesthetic impression. But the focus of my arrangements is to recreate nature. So, as a rule of thumb, I tend to keep my compositions rather simple. As in Ikebana, simplicity and minimalism are at the heart of my designs.