It is said that the practice of flower arranging was originally used in Japan to pay tribute to the gods, and the floral arrangements were therefore considered sacred. In Japan, historical records documenting the appearance of traditional flower arrangements date back to about 500 years ago. It was in the seventeenth century that followers of this new form of artistic expression started creating the rules leading to the formation of what would eventually become the disciplinary art that is now known as Ikebana. The diversity of forms and methods that were developed over time made Ikebana a much more sophisticated form of art. In the end, Ikebana has become a discipline where the stage for the artistic expression is set by the harmony achieved through the combination of natural materials (flowers, stems and branches), the container, and the lines and forms that characterize the art of Japanese flower arrangement.
The language of flowers, sometimes called floriography was a way of communicating in Europe in the 1800's and during the Victorian era. In the Victorian time the most popular flower was the rose, the meaning of love and it was almost always required for a flower arrangements. Following are other appropriate flower meanings, and it is said that knowing the meaning of floral language was as important as appearing well dressed in a public place: • Lavender _ luck, forgiveness • Marjoram _ blushes • Rosemary _ remembrance • Lilac _ love's first emotion • Orange Blossom _ chastity • Carnation _ pure love • Rose (white) _ innocent love • Rose ( red) _ passion • Rose ( pink) _ romantic love • Star_of_Bethlehem _ reconciliation • Witch Hazel _ a spell • Sweet Pea _ delicate pleasures • Ivy _ wedded love • Holly _ domestic happiness.